Design Proposal to Avoid Peeling Failure in FRP-Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Beams,
Journal of Composites for Construction,
Volume 13, Issue 5 (October 2009).
According to the available experimental work, the most common failure in existing structures strengthened by plate bonding is the laminate peeling off. In the last few years, an important effort in the development of mathematical models to avoid premature peeling failures has been made. However, a suitable and reliable design method to predict debonding due to the shear flow between crack discontinuities or at the laminate end is still not available. This paper describes a new design procedure for structures strengthened by plate bonding to avoid peeling failure at any location. After calculating the laminate area required for flexural strengthening, a two-step procedure to prevent peeling failure is proposed. The first step, to avoid peeling failure along the span, is based on a shear-bending interaction diagram associated with the theoretical maximum transferred force between laminate and support along the crack spacing before laminate debonding. This interaction diagram can be obtained through the application of nonlinear fracture mechanics. The second step consists of checking for peeling failure at the laminate end. The bonded length between the laminate end and the nearest crack should be enough to transfer the laminate tensile force acting on this crack. The proposed method has been verified with available experimental results assembled in a database. A good agreement between the experimental and predicted failure load has been obtained. Finally, an application example is presented to show the applicability of the method.Link.