Antonio R. Marí, M.Valdés
Long-Term Behavior of Continuous Precast Concrete Girder Bridge Model,
Journal of Bridge Engineering,
Volume 5,  Issue 1 (February 2000).


Continuous concrete box girder bridges composed of precast reinforced and prestressed concrete beams with a U cross section and a cast-in-place top slab are frequently used for medium spans due to their competitiveness. The service behavior of such bridges is very much influenced by their segmental construction, due to time-dependent materials behavior that makes it difficult to accurately predict the stresses, strains,  and deflections at long term. A 1:2 scale model of a two-span continuous bridge was tested in order to study its behavior during the construction process and under permanent loads. Time-dependent concrete properties as well as support reactions, deflections, and strains in concrete and steel, were measured for 500 days. Important time-dependent redistributions of stresses and internal forces throughout the bridge were also measured. The test results were compared with analytical predictions obtained by means of a numerical model developed for the nonlinear and time-dependent analysis of segmentally erected, reinforced and prestressed concrete structures.